Title IX, Part A
McKinney-Vento Homeless Education

What is McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act?

This McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act was reauthorized by Title IX, Part A, of the Every Student Succeed Acts (ESSA) in December of 2015. The McKinney Vento Act authorizes the federal Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Program. It is the primary piece of federal legislation related to the education of children and youth experiencing homelessness.

Source: National Center for Homeless Education

Who is considered homeless?

Under the McKinney-Vento Act, the term “homeless children and
youths” means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes children and youth:

  • who are sharing the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason;
  • are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations;
  • are living in emergency or transitional shelters; or are abandoned in hospitals;
  • who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
  • who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and
  • who are migratory children who live in one of the above circumstances.

To determine if you meet the requirements of homeless; reach out to your child's classroom teacher, school counselor, principal and/or Homeless Liaison.


Help Line Center

National Center for Homeless Education

Housing for the Homeless

US Department of Education

SD Department of Education